LAW SYLLABUS FOR UPSC IAS CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAMINATION


                                 
                                    LAW
                            PAPER-FIRST

Constitutional and administrative Law :
1. Constitution and Constitutionalism:The
distinctive features of the Constitution.
2. Fundamental Rights—Public interest litigation;
Legal Aid; Legal services authority.
3. Relationship between Fundamental rights,
Directive principles and Fundamental duties.
4. Constitutional Position of the President and
relation with the Council of Ministers.
5. Governor and his powers.
6. Supreme Court and the High Courts:
(a) Appointments and transfer.
(b) Powers, functions and jurisdiction.
7. Centre, States and local bodies:
(a) Distribution of legislative powers between the
Union and the States.
(b) Local Bodies.
(c) Administrative relationship among Union,
State and Local Bodies.
(d) Eminent domain-State property-common
property-community property.
8. Legislative powers, privileges and immunities.
9. Services under the Union and the States:
(a) Recruitment and conditions of services;
Constitutional safeguards; Administrative
tribunals.
(b) Union Public Service Commission and State
Public Service Commissions—Power and
functions.
(c) Election Commission—Power and functions.
10. Emergency provisions.
11. Amendment of the Constitution.
12. Principle of Natural Justice—Emerging trends and
judicial approach.
13. Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.
14. Separation of powers and constitutional
governance.
15. Judicial review of administrative action.
16. Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc.
International Law :
1. Nature and Definition of International Law.
2. Relationship between International Law and
Municipal Law.
3. State Recognition and State Succession.
4. Law of the sea: Inland Waters, Territorial Sea,
Contiguous Zone, Continental Shelf, Exclusive
Economic Zone and High Seas.
5. Individuals: Nationality, statelessness; Human
Rights and procedures available for their
enforcement.
6. Territorial jurisdiction of States, Extradition and
Asylum.
7. Treaties : Formation, application, termination and
reservation.
8. United Nations : Its principal organs, powers
and functions and reform.
9. Peaceful settlement of disputes—different modes.
10. Lawful recourse to force : aggressions, self-
defence, intervention.
11. Fundamental principles of international
humanitarian law—International conventions and
contemporary developments.
12. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on
testing of nuclear weapons; Nuclear non-
proliferation treaty, CTST.
13. International Terrorism, State sponsored terrorism,
Hijacking, International Criminal Court.
14. New International Economic Order and Monetary
Law : WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.
15. Protection and Improvement of the Human
Environment : International Efforts.

                         PAPER-SECOND

Law of Crimes :—
1. General principles of Criminal liability : mens rea
and actus reus, mens rea in statutory offences.
2. Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to
abolition of capital punishment.
3. Preparations and criminal attempt.
4. General exceptions.
5. Joint and constructive liability.
6. Abetment.
7. Criminal conspiracy.
8. Offences against the State.
9. Offences against public tranquility.
10. Offences against human body.
11. Offences against property.
12. Offences against women.
13. Defamation.
14. Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
15. Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and
subsequent legislative developments.
16. Plea bargaining.
Law of Torts
1. Nature and definition.
2. Liability based upon fault and strict liability;
Absolute liability.
3. Vicarious liability including State Liability.
4. General defences.
5. Joint tort fessors.
6. Remedies.
7. Negligence.
8. Defamation.
9. Nuisance.
10. Conspiracy.
11. False imprisonment.
12. Malicious prosecution.
13. Consumer Protection Act, 1986.
Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law
1. Nature and formation of contract/E-contract.
2. Factors vitiating free consent.
3. Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable
agreements.
4. Performance and discharge of contracts.
5. Quasi-contracts.
6. Consequences of breach of contract.
7. Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.
8. Contract of agency.
9. Sale of goods and hire purchase.
10. Formation and dissolution of partnership.
11. Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
12. Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.
13. Standard form contracts.
Contemporary Legal Developments
1. Public Interest Litigation.
2. Intellectual property rights—Concept, types/
prospects.
3. Information Technology Law including Cyber
Laws—Concept, purpose/prospects.
4. Competition Law—Concept, purpose/prospects.
5. Alternate Dispute Resolution—Concept, types/
prospects.
6. Major statutes concerning environmental law.
7. Right to Information Act.
8. Trial by media.